Lavandin, Lavandula x Intermedia

Lavandin is a highly scented, vigorous growing lavender. It is the natural hybrid of English lavender (Lavandula augustifolia) and Spike lavender (Lavandula latifolia). Lavandin is also known as Lavandula x Intermedia, Lavender hybrid, L. hybrida, and Dutch lavender. The name lavandin comes from the word Lavandula but it is sometimes called lavendin (with an e), because of the similarity with the word Lavender.

There are many different types of lavandins, and several hybrids such as Grosso and Seal are grown on a commercial scale to be harvested for their oil. The quantity of lavandin oil that can be produced from a lavandin plant is about three times greater than the amount of lavender oil that can be extracted from a lavender plant.

Lavandin oil is not the same as Lavender oil although it is sometimes used in its place. The higher yields of oil during production make Lavandin oil cheaper to produce than Lavender oil. It has higher levels of terpenoids such as camphor making it more pungent but slightly sharper than the sweeter smell of Lavender oil. When it is used in perfumes and detergents it is sometimes blended with other chemicals to adjust the scent so it is more like lavender. In medicinal use the higher levels of camphor make it superior for clearing a stuffy nose but less suitable as a burns remedy compared to lavender oil. Some people regard the lavandin oil as inferior because it is cheaper and less sweet but this argument is the same as comparing cheeses. Just as you would expect with wines, the growing conditions, harvest and processing of the crop all have a role to play in creating better qualities of oil.